What are the Main Components of Fire Protection Systems?

Fire Sprinkler service

A fire protection system is far more sophisticated than simple fire alarms and sprinklers. In fact, it is a complex, interconnected system that aims to mitigate the health and property damage risks of not just fire, but also the dangers that smoke inhalation and asphyxiation present. 

Many components are put in place to aid firefighters to get to the blaze in a timely manner in order to minimize safety risks on their behalf and excessive property damage as well. This guide is purely informative in nature. Please refer to the appropriate local authority for more fire safety guidelines and up-to-date building codes. 

Fire Sprinklers 

There is a common misconception that fire sprinklers only belong in commercial spaces such as hospitals, hotels, etc. However, fire sprinklers can be installed in any space, particularly a home residence where the risks of fire damage are the greatest. A fire sprinkler is a ceiling-mounted nozzle that is connected to a network of pressured water piping installed in the ceiling that automatically activates in the event of a detected fire. 

In order to guarantee the effectiveness of a fire sprinkler system, a smoke sensitivity test must be conducted on an annual basis for most facilities. 

What is a Standpipe? 

A Standpipe is an interconnected system of water piping, valves, and hose connections placed in strategic locations that allow fire safety personnel to connect a hose or nozzle in order to discharge streams of water and hopefully extinguish the dangerous source of the fire. 

A fire department connection is similar enough to a standpipe, however, with the main difference being that it must be located on the exterior wall with unobstructed access at all times in the event of an emergency. The installation of a standpipe system must be done by licensed professionals and in accordance with the latest building codes.

Fire Alarm Systems 

A fire alarm system is the brains of the operation closely monitoring for the presence of fire or smoke and in turn, triggers an audible or visual signal to notify the public. A fire alarm system can work on both automatic sensors and manual input. Certain models are even linked and will directly notify the nearest fire department in the case of a detected outbreak of fire.

Fire alarm installation should be handled by certified professionals with bonafide experience in handling the safety of the public. 

Fire Pump 

One of the main methods of extinguishment in an outbreak of fire relies on a heavily pressurized stream of water. The integrity of a fire protection system relies on the fire pump’s ability to administer a constant supply of water and keep the system sufficiently pressurized at all times for the automatic sprinkler system. 

There are many different models of fire pumps that require regularly scheduled maintenance in order to perform optimally in a high-stress situation. An improperly functioning fire pump could spell catastrophic consequences. A fire protection expert can inspect and repair a deficient fire pump. 

Fire Protection Key Takeaways 

A full-fledged fire protection system relies on many different components that work together in order to ensure the safety of the public and the protection of property. Each individual component must be properly inspected and maintained for this ‘teamwork’ to result in the saving of lives and property.